In this article we have selected top ten most endangered species of animals around the world. Picking the top 10 species of endangered animals among thousands of endangered species today is really a difficult task because for every species of animal that we choose, there would be hundreds of other species left out, which are just as much at risk of facing extinction.
You can imagine the intensity of negative impacts we are putting on the globe. As we have discussed in our earlier blogs that the ecosystem is an interdependent community of living and non living components, and every organism or element in the ecosystem play a very important role for the ecosystem to function right. Therefore, how well our eco-system performs depends on the number of components or species present in the ecosystem. It is very important that all species remain and function in the eco-system and maintain a biodiversity.
Mother Nature has perfected a balance in the ecosystem over millions of years which we humans are putting at jeopardy with our man made disturbances. IN order for the eco-system to perform well, all living components, such as animals, birds, insects, microorganisms, plants, and other living things must be left to interact with each other with themselves as well as with other non living components such as air, water, soil, etc. The interaction between these components is connected through a food chain or energy flow in the ecosystem. Below we have top 10 endangered species of animals around the world.
Top 10 endangered species of animals around the world
1. The Giant Panda
Giant panda is probably the most talked about endangered species among the animal conservationists around the world. Giant pandas are bears living in the forests of central China. They are well tree climbers and are recognized by their black furry body, white fur on their face, and black patches on its eyes and ears.
Diet: Although giant panda’s digestive system is a carnivorous type, whey will eat bamboo shoots. However, they get very little energy and protein by eating bamboo shoots, and so must consume as much as 45 pounds of bamboo shoot every day. They are also known to eat flowers, rodents, grasses, corn, and honey.
Habitat: They are now only found in the mountains of Central China.
Population: The estimated number of wild Giant Pandas left in the world is 2,000.
2. Ivory Billed Woodpecker
This giant bird was considered scotch. . Ivory Billed Woodpecker lives or last reported in the southern parts of the United States and some areas in Cuba. Recently a video of the Woodpecker aroused the conservationists in the USA and a handful of sightings have been reported in Florida and Arkansas. The population of these birds is almost zero now, due to deforestation, loss of habitat, and uncontrolled hunting.
3. Java Rhinos
Among the five species of the rhinoceroses around the world, Java rhino is the most endangered species. They belong to the same genus as the genus as the Indian rhinoceros . The average size of this animal is about ten to ten to eleven feet in length, and four to six feet tall. It has a thick armor like skin. It formerly roamed in the swamps and waters of Indonesia and Vietnam.
Habitat: They are found in the in Ujung Kulon National Park at the western tip of Java Islands of Indonesia, in Ujung Kulon National Park.The last members of a small group of rhinos were in killed 2011 by poachers Cat Tien National Park in Vietnam.
Population: The estimated number of rhinos today around 40-60.
4. The Northern Sportive Lemur
Sportive Lemurs are small animals weighing less than two pounds with large eyes. There are about 100 different species of Lemurs living in the Islands of Madagascar. The number of these animals is declining at dramatic rates, due to habitat loss and environmental impacts.
Habitats: almost all Lemurs found today live on one single mountain at the northern tip of Madagascar.
5. Northern right whale:
Among all species of whales, these are the most critically endangered species of whales. They are huge sea mammals, 49 to 60 ft long and weigh about 110,000- 180,000 pounds. They got their name from the 19th century whale hunting when they were considered the right whale to kill. Right whales were full of whale oil and they floated after being killed, making them an ideal target for poachers.
Habitat: Atlantic coasts of Canada and the US.
Population: The estimated number of whales in the wild today is estimated between 30-50 individuals.
6. The Saola
Saola or Vu Quang ox, is a rare species of animal, close relative to goats, cattle, or antelope, which is often referred to as the Asian Unicorn, because it’s so rare. They are critically endangered animals, and only a few of them are left today. They are a little over a three feet tall and weigh about 220 pounds.
Diet: Saola is an herbivorous mammal, and it will mostly eat fig leaves and stems along the river.
Habitat: Tropical forests between Vietnam and Laos, and moist forest of Indochina, in the steep river valleys, 300 1800 meters above sea level.
Population: It is estimated that only a few dozen Saola individuals are left in the wild today. The uncontrolled gaming, handing for skin, loss of habitat, climatic changes, and so on contributed to the decreasing number of Saola population.
7. Leatherback Sea Turtle
Leatherback Sea Turtle is the world’s largest sea species of sea turtle with latest range of species swimming all over the world. Today, the number of Leather black turtles has declined sharply all over the world.
Population: the number of leather black sea turtles left is about 20, 000 to 30,000 globally. The cause of population decline is changes in global climate, human activities, hunting, and so on.
8. Chinese Giant Salamander
Chinese Giant Salamander is the world’s largest aquatic creature growing up to six feet in length. Historically its habitat was in the streams of south western, south eastern and central china. Now they are almost extinct. The recent global changes, hunting, loss of habitat, and human activities are responsible for their extinction.
9.little Dodo Bird
The dodo bird, also known as the tooth billed pigeon, is only about 12 inches in length, and a close relative to the big Dodo Bird, which lived in the islands of Mauritius and became extinct 400 years ago. The little dodo bird is also facing extinction. Only a few hundred little dodo birds remain today, in the Samoan Islands.
10. The Kakapo parrot
The Kakapo parrot living in New Zealand is a distinctive creature because it is one of the largest species of parrots found in the world, weighing over 9 pounds. It’s the only world’s nocturnal flightless parrots. these birds were thought to be extinct by 1970 but several remote islands today near New Zealand currently have been found with less than 150 individuals.
Most of the species are suffering due to human activities. Poaching, hunting, loss of habitat, loss in food, global climatic changes, is among the main reasons responsible for the declining number of spices and extinction of species. Despite intensive programs for conservation, protection, and breeding, some of the critically endangered species are continuing to disappear.
Please share this article and increase global awareness to prevent extinction and preserve the endangered species globally.
Videos and photo credits: All About WildlifeRead More
Recently, the Harvard Business Review polished a story called “10 Sustainable Business Stories Too Important to Miss” where the main focus of discussion was how we are impacting the environment and main pressure on business due to social and environmental changes. Some of the world’s largest and innovative companies are already recognizing this and making necessary changes in their policies in order to deal with the climatic changes.
In recent years, our trends of carbon emission continue to increase and so is the global temperature. In another assessment report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) it has become clear that we are the only ones to blame for the current climatic conditions that our planet is facing today. The report also calculated and estimated the amount of carbon we can safely add to the environment to keep the global temperature below the safety levels.
World leaders have agreed on a threshold of 2 degrees of global warming. In the Copenhagen Accord, an agreement was reached among the international climate change negotiators, in 2009. In the United Nations conference for climate change, all the world leaders agreed that the temperature rise of this century should not exceed by more than a 2 degrees Centigrade, or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit. Although some scientists and activists like James Hansen believes that even a 2 degree rise in the global temperature is too high.
The reality of pollution and carbon emission
In reality, the amount of carbon emissions by us and the negative impacts of our human activities are scarier than what we think. PwC’s annual Low Carbon Economy Index shows that our carbon emission level per dollar of GDP we produce or carbon intensity needs to be lower than 6%. This year the recommended annual carbon intensity rate is even lower than last year.
We have been witnessing more and more extreme weather patterns and natural disasters recently. The devastation in Philippines by tropical cyclone Haiyan, record heat in Australia, and droughts in far west United States, are just a few examples. The air pollution in China has broken all previous air pollution records of the world. The correlation between pollution and climatic changes is becoming clearer every year with each of these extreme climatic events.
According to the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration “high temperatures, such as those experienced in the U.S. in 2012, are now likely to occur four times as frequently due to human-induced climate change.”
World’s leading clean tech countries
The United States and Germany are two leading nations of the world today, who are continuously coming up with new technology to address carbon emission problems. Technologies like clean reusable sources of energy, hybrid automobiles, energy efficient machinery, and so on are revolutionizing the way energy is produced in the twenty first century. Big companies like Wal-Mart and Microsoft are joining in with the green revolution. They are the largest solar panel buyers in the USA.
In 2013, 99% of the new power added to the National Grid, came from solar panels and wind powered turbines. Almost 60% of the country’s energy comes from solar powered power generators in Germany. Over the past five years, the electricity produced from wind powered turbines has quadrupled in the USA.
Global hunger and food waste
Global food waste as well as hunger in the developing countries has become another center of attention. The growing population of the world is making us rethink, how would we feed the 9 billion people of the world, in 2050, of which, a third of the population will be from the developing countries. According to a recent report, we throw away about $750 billion worth of food every year. Half the food the United State produces never reaches the plates of the consumers. They are either wasted while transporting, storing, packaging, preserving, or marketing on the shelves of the grocery stores. A good amount of energy and other resources are also wasted along with food. For example, most of the food needs some kind of transportation, irrigation, preservation, and storage facilities, where energy and resources are required. The trucks that deliver food also leave a good amount of carbon footprint on the environment.
The new methods of agriculture that applies sustainable methods of agriculture and reduces global impact and desertification and degradation of land are becoming new focus of scientific researches. Aquaculture is gaining huge popularity today, and according to many, aquaculture and hydroponic agriculture will become one of the key factors of increasing food production for the future.Read More
All around the world, the number of species are decreasing. Some of the species are reducing in number at alarming rates. Biodiversity is an important element for the eco-system, and losing number of other species could mean an ecological imbalance. Every species of animal or plant play an important role in the ecosystem, and absence of one may have serious consequence on our ecological balance, sustainability and the environment.
The United States was the home of a diverse group of wildlife. Many of the species are extinct today, and there are many other species that are becoming smaller at a rate where they could be facing extinction due to hunting, urbanization or climatic changes around the world.
Birds like the Carolina parakeet, the passenger pigeon and the gray seaside sparrow used to wing through our skies are no longer to be seen. Many of the birds that we used to see before have become extinct or are now rare or endangered species. Here are
10 species of birds facing extinction around the world:
· Golden-cheeked warbler
This is a rare species of bird that breads and lives in Central part of Texas. You will find these bids especially around the Edward plateau, Central Mineral Region and Lampasas Cut Plain. Recent growth in civilization, agriculture, ranching, and development has reduced the natural habitat of these birds and destroying its nesting grounds. Deforestation in the Central America is destroying its winter grounds on the other hands. It’s hard to determine how many birds are left today around the world.
· White-bellied Cinclodes
These birds live in the high mountains and ranges of Andes Mountains of Junin, in Peru. According to the birdlife.org, these birds will continue to suffer and decline in numbers as mining ruins the habitats of this bird. Junín Peru is the only place where this bird can live and thrive. These birds are Ovenbirds falls in the family of furnariids.
· California condor
California condor has become an iconic bird that symbolizes the west coast of the America. However, the largest flying birds of the West America has been suffering serious loss in numbers due to hunting, lack of prey, loss of habitat, and environmental impacts. Scientists estimate that there were only 25 of these birds left in the year of 1980. Due to the actions of conservationist and captive breeding programs, the number of birds around the world today is estimated to be between 150-200 today. This bird is considered an endangered species and is still being preserved by the government.
This is the official state bird of Hawaii. It was classified as an endangered bird in 1967. This bird is only found in the Islands of Maui, Kauai, and in Hawaii. Human made encroachment is the main reason for the decrease in number of this bird. It is estimated that on 30 birds are left today. These birds usually nest in the grassy knolls near the golf resorts of Hawaii, and so, errant golf balls are also a threat to these birds.
· Sociable Lapwing
Sociable Lapwing is found in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. There has been a drastic decline in the population of this bird in the recent year for which scientists or biologists have found no apparent reason.
· Black-bellied Puffleg
This is a bird from the Ecuador. You will find this rare species of bird in the NorthwesternPichincha Volcano Mountain slope of the in Ecuador. Unplanned developments, agriculture and deforestation have led this species of bird towards extinction. According to the organization Save Our Species, without a regional effort to reverse the negative impacts on the nature, the Puffleg – and other species in the region in danger of extinction will be lost.
· I’iwi or scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper
This is a very common native land bird in the Hawaiian Islands, also known as the Hawaiian honeycreeper. This bird is under threat of extinction because of the reduced habitat and disruptions n the environment. The proliferation of diseases is also to blame for the decrease in number. Recently the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have decided to put this bird under protection of the federal government. According to the director of the Center for Biological Diversity, at least 20 different types of Hawaiian honeycreepers have already been extinct. He stated that “To have any chance at avoiding that fate, the beautiful i‘iwi needs protection now,”
· Madagascar Pochard
Madagascar Pochard is found in Madagascar, as you may have already guessed. It lives around the Lake Alaotra basin in Madagascar. In 2006, only a small number of birds were found in Alaotra Lake basins. Today this bird is very rare, and facing extinction.
· Kirtland’s warbler
This bird nests in the northern lower peninsula of Michigan. This bird is often referred to as the bird of fire. This birds nesting depends on burning of jack pine forests where it lives, but as humans prevented wild fires, this bird’s life was at jeopardy. the estimated number of birds left today may be less than 200 pairs.
There were only 15 whooping cranes left in 1941 in the USA. In recent years, the number may have increased due to the conservationists and biologists; the number has increased to about 250. In 2009, a light weight airplane lead about 77 of these birds from Florida to Wisconsin and brought them back again in the winter.
This article tells us how our actions and negative impacts can reduce the number of species left in the world and can impact the ecology at dangerous levels. Every species that become extinct today will create little more imbalances in the nature because to achieve an ecological balance, every species in the nature plays a role, and therefore, maintaining ecological balance and harmony in the nature is vital.
Please let your voice be heard. Please join with us in the battle for conservation of the nature and in preservation of endangered species. Please post your comments and let us know your thoughts, we would also appreciate it if you would share this article on social media networks as well and let your friends know about this issue.Read More
We take water for granted because we live in a place where we get municipal water supplied to us. For developing countries, finding a supply of good pure water may be a challenge. There are also about 3.4 million deaths each year due to water related diseases. The water supply system that gets you clean water today goes through a complicated process of recycling and purifying water and feeding it back in the system. Many countries of the world do not have such complicated purification systems, and they get most of their water from underground. Some areas depend on tube wells, wells, ponds, and rivers as their source of drinking water.
Is the water you drink safe?
The water we get from Water Supply Company goes through a series of purification process. Water is supplied from both, surface water, collected from rivers and lakes, and ground water pumped from underground. There water purifying facilities to treat all the water and make it safe for drinking before it is supplied in our homes. Most of the time, ground water is not treated because it does not contain any germs or impurities. You can visit, CDC’s Public Water Systems page. For more information on how public water systems treat water, visit CDC’s Water Treatment page.
Don’t take water supply for granted
We often forget how important water is and how easily we get supply of fresh water every day without running into any problems. We get fresh supply water every day and do not think about it. We have access to bottled water and water fountains whenever we get thirsty. But as described earlier, many of the countries of the world do not have the technology or do not have efficient municipal services that supplies them pure water every day, continuously. For example, a power shortage could mean water shortage as well because the pumps that put water into circulation would not work.
Water goes through a series of processes before being supplied, and some of these processes are often delicate. A power shortage or blackout could shut down all the purification plants and water pumps here in the USA as well.
A natural disaster such as flood, hurricane, earthquake, and such could damage your water supply system, breaking the water pipes or contaminating your sewage systems, if it causes breaks in your water line or sewage line.
A water supply system can fail at any emergency situation. For much reason, the quality of supply water may become contaminated and you might need to take some measures to make it safe. If your water supply fails, and you cannot find pure water around you or if you suspect that your supply water is contaminated due to a disaster, you should learn about ways to make water safe for drinking. You need to ask yourself what your chances of survival will be if any natural disaster happens and it cuts of one of your viral necessities such as food and water.
How to make water safe for drinking
To make sure the water you use after a disaster is safe for drinking. You can maximize the safety of the water you drink by following some of the water purification methods that we will discuss below. No one method can guarantee you of 100% pure water, but if combined, some of these methods could easily improve the quality of water that you drink. There are thousands of water purification processes that can be used.
Ways to purify water:
- Boil: Boiling water kills bacteria, viruses, parasites, and most germs in it.
- Distill: distillation is the best method to purify any kind of water. But you probably don’t have an apparatus for distillation.
- Use purification tablets
- Use ultraviolet rays: some water purification devices use ultraviolet rays to kill germs in water.
- Filter through ceramics
- Filthier through plastic membranes
- Filter through bio sand filter
- Disinfect with chemicals such as chlorine or iodine: adding iodine or chlorine will kill germs in water
If there is any chance of your drinking water being contaminated with your sewage water, boil your water and do not drink it or brush your teeth with it. Surface water is collected from Ponds River or other places, it should be filtered with a coffee filter or such to take out impurities first, and then bring to a rolling boil, keep it rolling for a minute and then pour it in a clean container. Rain water, if collected in a clean bucket can be safe to drink.
If you find that using chlorine or bleach would be easier for you to kill the germs from water, you will need to mix a gallon of water with 1/8 teaspoon of pure, unaccented chlorine or bleach, wait for 30 minutes before drinking. If the water appears cloudy, do not drink it, and be careful not to overuse bleach or chlorine, because it will become toxic.
You can also buy water purification devices and keep it at home in case you need it for an emergency. There are filtration devices available in the market. You will also need to disinfect some containers for storing water. These water purification techniques could be your life saver or could save someone from being sick.
Please click here to share this article. We’d also appreciate it if you put some comments for this article to let us know what you thought about this article.Read More
Many of the species are declining population at alarming rates and some are even becoming extinct through our negative impacts on the globe and because of our deforestation, unplanned urbanization, and so on. Our negative impacts on the globe are forcing some species to move away from their natural habitats, and some are being forced to reduce population due to unfavorable conditions in the nature.
Today we will discuss some of the cats that are facing drastic population decline and might face a significant risk of extinct if our negative impact on the environment continues. Below we will talk about few of such species of cats that are at risk of extinction.
Snow Leopards (Panthera Uncia) are iconic cats that live in the extreme cold mountainous regions of Alpines, and sub Alpines in the Central Asia. Their population is sparsely spread over 12 countries in the grassy region of northern parts of Nepal and Bhutan, and vast areas of China, Mongolia and Tajikistan. It’s estimated that the number of Snow Leopards left in the world today is somewhere between 4000 and 6500. The main reason for the decline in their population is because of hunting. Their skin has been used for long time as traditional medicine in china and they are also hunted to save livestock from being killed.
The temperate forests located on the eastern coast of Russia are the host to some of the rarest species of cats in the world. Two of the most endangered species of the world are the Amur Leopard and the Siberian Tiger. These species of cats are being forced to extinction because of several factors over the past few decades. These tigers are capable of running at a speed of 40 miles per hour and leap over 19 feet vertically. The decline in number of these tigers is caused by declining number of prey due to pray poaching and deforestation in the area and through illegal hunting of cats. The beautiful spotted fur can sell for $0000 to $15000 a piece. They are also killed for their bones which is an ingredient for Chinese medicine. Scientists estimate that there are about 530 tigers left in the Siberia region today.
Bengal Tigers (Panthera tigris tigris) has been classified as an endangered species since 2010 by IUCN. These tigers are available in India, Bangladesh, Nepal, and in Bhutan. The vast majority of these tigers is found in India, and CITES (Conservation on International Trade of Endangered Species), is talking with India to preserve these animals. The total number of Bengal tigers is about 2500 and they are decreasing in number sharply due to unavailability of pray to support their population. The skin of these tigers can be yellow to brown with black stripes. A male full grown tiger can be about 10 foot long including their tail, and an average tiger is about 3 to 3.5 feet tall, weighing from 450 to 500 pounds. The major diet for these tigers is variety of deer.
Jaguars of New Mexico and Arizona
jaguars (Panthera onca) is one of the largest species of cats in the world. They are about 4 feet long and weigh about 250 pounds. They are tan to brown in color with rings of black spots called rosettes. Jaguars once lived throughout the southwestern United States, including in the continent of South America and Central America. In the United States, most of their ranges were hunted and brought to extinction, only recently they are beginning to populate their usual previous ranges. Their habitat can range from dense forest, grass lands, and scrubland. Recently, the conservationists have been urging the federal wildlife officials to preserve the natural habitats of thee cats to protect these endangered species of cats.
These are some of the endangered species of rare cats around the world. By focusing on the habitats of these species, reducing deforestation, and minimizing poaching of their prey, we could successfully restore these species and protect these species against extinction. The cat and prey populations will recover once we take necessary measures to limit the poaching of cats, prey species and manage the forests for logging more sustainably.
“Amur leopards are teetering on the brink of extinction. With the establishment of the Land of the Leopard National Park, in conjunction with other conservation efforts, we can now start to focus on how to begin bringing them back.” – Dr. Sybille Klenzendorf Managing Director, Species ConservationRead More