ecological balance

Rainforests: What’s so Cool About Them?

Rainforests: What’s so Cool About Them?

There are some really cool things about rainforests that you ought to know. It’s not only awe inspiring scenery; forests provide us with two of the essentials for life, oxygen and food. It is also a unique ecosystem of plants, animals, and other living and nonliving things that Mother Nature has perfected through thousands of years of evolution.  

Trees are necessary for our survival on this planet. Trees, like all plants, produce oxygen through the photosynthesis process. Beyond producing oxygen, plants are also primary producers of foods for other living things on this planet. Plants are the base of the food chain and the rest of us are, in many ways, dependent on plants for food, both directly and indirectly.

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Current Global Issue – 10 Most Endangered Species of Animals

Current Global Issue – 10 Most Endangered Species of Animals

In this article we have selected top ten most endangered species of animals around the world. Picking the top 10 species of endangered animals among thousands of endangered species today is really a difficult task because for every species of animal that we choose, there would be hundreds of other species left out, which are just as much at risk of facing extinction.

You can imagine the intensity of negative impacts we are putting on the globe. As we have discussed in our earlier blogs that the ecosystem is an interdependent community of living and non living components, and every organism or element in the ecosystem play a very important role for the ecosystem to function right. Therefore, how well our eco-system performs depends on the number of components or species present in the ecosystem. It is very important that all species remain and function in the eco-system and maintain a biodiversity.

Mother Nature has perfected a balance in the ecosystem over millions of years which we humans are putting at jeopardy with our man made disturbances. IN order for the eco-system to perform well, all living components, such as animals, birds, insects, microorganisms, plants, and other living things must be left to interact with each other with themselves as well as with other non living components such as air, water, soil, etc. The interaction between these components is connected through a food chain or energy flow in the ecosystem. Below we have top 10 endangered species of animals around the world.

Top 10 endangered species of animals around the world

 

1. The Giant Panda

Panda1Giant panda is probably the most talked about endangered species among the animal conservationists around the world. Giant pandas are bears living in the forests of central China. They are well tree climbers and are recognized by their black furry body, white fur on their face, and black patches on its eyes and ears.

Diet:  Although giant panda’s digestive system is a carnivorous type, whey will eat bamboo shoots. However, they get very little energy and protein by eating bamboo shoots, and so must consume as much as 45 pounds of bamboo shoot every day. They are also known to eat flowers, rodents, grasses, corn, and honey.

 Habitat: They are now only found in the mountains of Central China.

Population: The estimated number of wild Giant Pandas left in the world is 2,000.

2. Ivory Billed Woodpecker

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10 Species Of Endangered Birds Around The World

10 Species Of Endangered Birds Around The World

All around the world, the number of species are decreasing. Some of the species are reducing in number at alarming rates. Biodiversity is an important element for the eco-system, and losing number of other species could mean an ecological imbalance. Every species of animal or plant play an important role in the ecosystem, and absence of one may have serious consequence on our ecological balance, sustainability and the environment.

The United States was the home of a diverse group of wildlife. Many of the species are extinct today, and there are many other species that are becoming smaller at a rate where they could be facing extinction due to hunting, urbanization or climatic changes around the world.

Birds like the Carolina parakeet, the passenger pigeon and the gray seaside sparrow used to wing through our skies are no longer to be seen. Many of the birds that we used to see before have become extinct or are now rare or endangered species. Here are

10 species of birds facing extinction around the world:

Golden-cheeked warbler

· Golden-cheeked warbler

This is a rare species of bird that breads and lives in Central part of Texas. You will find these bids especially around the Edward plateau, Central Mineral Region and Lampasas Cut Plain. Recent growth in civilization, agriculture, ranching, and development has reduced the natural habitat of these birds and destroying its nesting grounds. Deforestation in the Central America is destroying its winter grounds on the other hands. It’s hard to determine how many birds are left today around the world.

· White-bellied Cinclodes

These birds live in the high mountains and ranges of Andes Mountains of Junin, in Peru. According to the birdlife.org, these birds will continue to suffer and decline in numbers as mining ruins the habitats of this bird. Junín Peru is the only place where this bird can live and thrive. These birds are Ovenbirds falls in the family of furnariids.

· California condor

endangered California condor

California condor has become an iconic bird that symbolizes the west coast of the America. However, the largest flying birds of the West America has been suffering serious loss in numbers due to hunting, lack of prey, loss of habitat, and environmental impacts. Scientists estimate that there were only 25 of these birds left in the year of 1980. Due to the actions of conservationist and captive breeding programs, the number of birds around the world today is estimated to be between 150-200 today. This bird is considered an endangered species and is still being preserved by the government.

Hawaiian Goose· Hawaiian goose or nene

This is the official state bird of Hawaii. It was classified as an endangered bird in 1967. This bird is only found in the Islands of Maui, Kauai, and in Hawaii. Human made encroachment is the main reason for the decrease in number of this bird. It is estimated that on 30 birds are left today. These birds usually nest in the grassy knolls near the golf resorts of Hawaii, and so, errant golf balls are also a threat to these birds.

· Sociable Lapwing

Sociable Lapwing is found in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. There has been a drastic decline in the population of this bird in the recent year for which scientists or biologists have found no apparent reason.

· Black-bellied Puffleg

This is a bird from the Ecuador. You will find this rare species of bird in the NorthwesternPichincha Volcano Mountain slope of the in Ecuador. Unplanned developments, agriculture and deforestation have led this species of bird towards extinction. According to the organization Save Our Species, without a regional effort to reverse the negative impacts on the nature, the Puffleg – and other species in the region in danger of extinction will be lost.

 

· I’iwi or scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper

endangered bird iiwi

This is a very common native land bird in the Hawaiian Islands, also known as the Hawaiian honeycreeper. This bird is under threat of extinction because of the reduced habitat and disruptions n the environment. The proliferation of diseases is also to blame for the decrease in number. Recently the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have decided to put this bird under protection of the federal government. According to the director of the Center for Biological Diversity, at least 20 different types of Hawaiian honeycreepers have already been extinct. He stated that “To have any chance at avoiding that fate, the beautiful i‘iwi needs protection now,”

· Madagascar Pochard

Madagascar Pochard is found in Madagascar, as you may have already guessed. It lives around the Lake Alaotra basin in Madagascar. In 2006, only a small number of birds were found in Alaotra Lake basins. Today this bird is very rare, and facing extinction.

· Kirtland’s warbler

This bird nests in the northern lower peninsula of Michigan. This bird is often referred to as the bird of fire. This birds nesting depends on burning of jack pine forests where it lives, but as humans prevented wild fires, this bird’s life was at jeopardy. the estimated number of birds left today may be less than 200 pairs.

Whooping crane · Whooping crane

There were only 15 whooping cranes left in 1941 in the USA. In recent years, the number may have increased due to the conservationists and biologists; the number has increased to about 250. In 2009, a light weight airplane lead about 77 of these birds from Florida to Wisconsin and brought them back again in the winter.

This article tells us how our actions and negative impacts can reduce the number of species left in the world and can impact the ecology at dangerous levels. Every species that become extinct today will create little more imbalances in the nature because to achieve an ecological balance, every species in the nature plays a role, and therefore, maintaining ecological balance and harmony in the nature is vital.

Please let your voice be heard. Please join with us in the battle for conservation of the nature and in preservation of endangered species. Please post your comments and let us know your thoughts, we would also appreciate it if you would share this article on social media networks as well and let your friends know about this issue.

PS. – Don’t forget to share this article.

Source: Environmental Professionals Network

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How Animals Help Us To Save The Planet

How Animals Help Us To Save The Planet

All animals have important roles in the ecosystem. There seems to be an ecological balance between all animals in nature. Some animals help to bring out the nutrients from the cycle while others help in decomposition, carbon, and nitrogen cycle. All animals, insects, and even micro organisms play a role in the ecosystem. All animals and plants in the ecosystem co-exist and balance each other out, which Mother Nature has perfected over time and through trials and errors, and found a system that works flawlessly for her. The system that exists in Mother Nature is designed for all the different species of the world, where each has a role to play without disturbing each other and without taking the ecological balance off.

To make the ecosystem work, we sometime need an army of environmentalists, and scientists, where complicated machinery and processes are needed, and sometimes, other animals or even insects help us to make sure that our nature and environment runs smoothly. Below you will find some of the animals and insects listed, that help us to reduce negative impacts on the globe and help us address issues such as global warming, pollution, environmental disturbances etc.

1.  Bees

bee polinationbee polinationBees are responsible for pollinating all the plants around us, in fact, they pollinate almost one third of everything you eat. Apart from providing us with a fine food product, and providing work for thousands of bee keepers around the world, they also help in pollination of most common plants around us. Most plants need service of nature’s pollinators and cannot fertilize themselves without the services from these insects.

2.  Dogs

helping dogDogs are not only man’s best friends, but they also provide several services to man. Dogs are not just good companions, but they can also handle animals, and work as a conservationist. Dogs have extraordinary talent to further conservation. Dogs can be trained to perform various tasks, and there are dogs that live to work. Dogs’ extra sense of smell can pick out plants and animals for further research and conservation. Dogs have been used for sniffing out drugs and bombs in special K-9 units of police and other services for a long time. They can also locate rare endangered plants and animals in the nature.

3.  Rats

220px-Street-ratRats, just like dogs, can be trained to sniff out dangerous explosives from the ground. Undetonated land mines can be serious pollutant and threat to others, making large areas inhabitable and useless. Rats are being trained to sniff out these land mines from the war zones with their acute sense of smell. This job might be too dangerous for humans and few humans are willing to risk their lives trying to pickup land mines from the ground. Rats can also detect people buried under ground so that others can rescue them from natural disasters or destroyed establishments.

4.  Sea Lions

Sea lions are intelligent sea mammals that can be trained to monitor several conditions under the sea. They can go to places where few people have gone before, with specially outfitted equipments for monitoring ocean salinity, temperature, water pressure and so on. These sensors are attached to their furs and later taken off or goes off when they molt.

marine_animals_whiskers_44815_h

Animals help us to save our environment

Since the beginning of medical science, scientists have learned a lot about our own bodies and how our bodies faction by studying other animals in the nature. By studying other animals, we can learn a lot about ourselves and how our inner organs and cells work. To find out where life came from and how life evolved on earth, all animals on earth supplied us with bits and pieces of information. We also found fossils and structures of animals that existed thousands and even millions of years ago, and we studied how animals have adapted to changes on earth and changed themselves according to the nature. By studying other animals, we have also learned how we as human beings have evolved in the shape that we are in today. Some micro organisms such as bacteria help us clean the environment; others help plants by converting free nitrogen from air and feeding the roots. Some insects and earthworms help in agriculture by increasing fertility of the soil and also by increasing organic quality of soil.

Nature and ecosystem in nature are in perfect harmony where every living and non living thing has a role to play in making the ecosystem and environment work perfectly so that all animals, plants, microorganisms, and non living things can coexist creating a perfect balance among them. We, the humans have caused several imbalances in the nature for several thousands of years and now, it is the time we turned around and fixed some of the negative impacts on the globe.

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biodiversity

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