The Importance Of Building And Maintaining Biodiversity Globally

Posted by on Dec 17, 2013 in Blog, sustainable environment | 2 comments

The Importance Of Building And Maintaining Biodiversity Globally

How well our eco-system performs depends a great deal on the number of species that interact in the environment, and therefore, to maintain sustainability biodiversity is crucial. Therefore, to enhance the eco-system, preserving maximum number of species becomes a key factor in improving the performance of our eco-system.

It has also been found through a recent study at Duke University in Massachusetts that it is not just the member of species that affects the eco-system, but it is also the varieties of species present in the eco-system but also the presence of key-species in the environment, and therefore, it is important to preserve the right combination of species, if we want to benefit from any of the elements of the ecosystem.

What is understood by the term “biodiversity”

To understand what biodiversity is, we need to look at the two root words. The term biodiversity is derived by contracting the term biological diversity. The term biodiversity refers to variety. It is a concept of having a wide range of species of plants and animals among the biological world. Biodiversity literally means having a wide number of different biological living organisms with various attributes, variables and variety of life on earth. This includes the various species of animals, plants microorganisms.

underwater

Why worry about biodiversity?

 If you ask whether biodiversity affects our economy and sustainability of environment? The answer would be yes. To grow a strong economy, all forms of economic, capital, financial, natural and social growth is needed, and through biodiversity, all aspects of economy can improve. Although, other sectors of science and practice of conservation of environment and sustainability may not worry about their impact on biodiversity, biodiversity itself impacts all other sectors of science and industry.

Biological resources supply a major portion of economy and needs of the people around the world, and so, biodiversity issues are becoming increasingly popular among environmental scientists and environmental professionals around the world today.

Benefits of biodiversity

 

·         Economic growth:

The main reason why scientists and environmentalists around the world are concerned about the biodiversity of the ecosystem is because it boosts the ecosystem, productivity and economy. Every specie, no matter how big or small they are, plays a role in the ecosystem. Biodiversity means more variety of plants and greater number of edible crops, variations in animal products, and therefore more variety in food.

·         Sustainability of life naturally

In an ecosystem, plants and animals depend on each other. Even though they compete for food and survival, there are a number of ways they also help each other survive and co-exist. In the food chain, animals and plants must find alternative resources for survival and also must adapt to new changes in environment. if one species of plant or animal is lost due to a climatic change, or natural disaster, they must shift their eating habits and choose the next best possible option. This is only possible with a diversity of life on earth. If the change is too rapid the species may become extinct. We humans are no exceptions.

·         Better endurance and recovery from natural disasters

Most plants protect soil erosions, dust and purify the air. Biodiversity also helps a farmland to recover from a natural disaster such as droughts, floods, and fire quickly. Scientists have found that to preserve a farm land for a long time it is important to preserve its biodiversity in order for it to keep it fertile and increase productivity.

biodiversity

·         Biodiversity offers many free services

A biologically diverse ecosystem enjoys many of the natural services for free.  We get food, medication, preservation of water and minerals, reduced pollution, food storage, climate stability, protection from natural disasters and unpredictable events such as earthquakes, storms, floods, etc. The bacteria and plants are also in a symbiotic relationship. They convert nitrogen from air into ammonia for plants and also take part in carbon cycle, and take care of the dead. We also get wood for our houses and furniture, and everything else including education, recreation, and tourism and such. We could not possibly replace all these services we get form biodiversity for free.

·         Biodiversity boosts agriculture

Many insects such as bees help in pollination of the plants. There are about 130,000 plants which depend on bees for pollination.  Without bees, one third of our flowers and fruits could not reproduce. Some insects also work as insecticides by eating other harmful insects, and therefore, reduce the need for toxic insecticides. The droppings of animals and compost work as natural fertilizers. Therefore, biodiversity is essential for natural organic farming. 

 

Keeping ecological balance for a sustainable environment

Most plants and animals in the ecosystem maintain equilibrium in the ecosystem by controlling their own population according to the favorable natural conditions. If nature is left to take its course and evolve on its own for better sustainability of the environment, most of the time it balances itself out. It has been observed through various incidences in the nature that the eco-system is able to sustain on its own without the intervention of human beings, which it has learned through millions of years of evolution. Many environmental scientists have now been looking at the nature with amazement how various species co-exists and work together consuming, and producing resources, keeping a perfect balance in the eco-system.

It is not only the beauty of the nature, but the nature and eco-system can be compared to as a huge organism and all the species as separate organs, which work together in harmony. Without one species, all other systems suffer and the whole system may collapse. Therefore, ecological balance and biodiversity is crucial for all of the earth and sustainability of environment.

biodiversity

2 Responses to “The Importance Of Building And Maintaining Biodiversity Globally”

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