March, 2014

The Science Of Climatic Changes – Get A Clear Picture

The Science Of Climatic Changes – Get A Clear Picture

Recently, the Harvard Business Review polished a story called “10 Sustainable Business Stories Too Important to Misswhere the main focus of discussion was how we are impacting the environment and main pressure on business due to social and environmental changes. Some of the world’s largest and innovative companies are already recognizing this and making necessary changes in their policies in order to deal with the climatic changes.

In recent years, our trends of carbon emission continue to increase and so is the global temperature. In another assessment report published by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) it has become clear that we are the only ones to blame for the current climatic conditions that our planet is facing today. The report also calculated and estimated the amount of carbon we can safely add to the environment to keep the global temperature below the safety levels.

World leaders have agreed on a threshold of 2 degrees of global warming. In the Copenhagen Accord, an agreement was reached among the international climate change negotiators, in 2009. In the United Nations conference for climate change, all the world leaders agreed that the temperature rise of this century should not exceed by more than a 2 degrees Centigrade, or 3.6 degrees Fahrenheit.  Although some scientists and activists like James Hansen believes that even a 2 degree rise in the global temperature is too high.


The reality of pollution and carbon emission

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10 Species Of Endangered Birds Around The World

10 Species Of Endangered Birds Around The World

All around the world, the number of species are decreasing. Some of the species are reducing in number at alarming rates. Biodiversity is an important element for the eco-system, and losing number of other species could mean an ecological imbalance. Every species of animal or plant play an important role in the ecosystem, and absence of one may have serious consequence on our ecological balance, sustainability and the environment.

The United States was the home of a diverse group of wildlife. Many of the species are extinct today, and there are many other species that are becoming smaller at a rate where they could be facing extinction due to hunting, urbanization or climatic changes around the world.

Birds like the Carolina parakeet, the passenger pigeon and the gray seaside sparrow used to wing through our skies are no longer to be seen. Many of the birds that we used to see before have become extinct or are now rare or endangered species. Here are

10 species of birds facing extinction around the world:

Golden-cheeked warbler

· Golden-cheeked warbler

This is a rare species of bird that breads and lives in Central part of Texas. You will find these bids especially around the Edward plateau, Central Mineral Region and Lampasas Cut Plain. Recent growth in civilization, agriculture, ranching, and development has reduced the natural habitat of these birds and destroying its nesting grounds. Deforestation in the Central America is destroying its winter grounds on the other hands. It’s hard to determine how many birds are left today around the world.

· White-bellied Cinclodes

These birds live in the high mountains and ranges of Andes Mountains of Junin, in Peru. According to the, these birds will continue to suffer and decline in numbers as mining ruins the habitats of this bird. Junín Peru is the only place where this bird can live and thrive. These birds are Ovenbirds falls in the family of furnariids.

· California condor

endangered California condor

California condor has become an iconic bird that symbolizes the west coast of the America. However, the largest flying birds of the West America has been suffering serious loss in numbers due to hunting, lack of prey, loss of habitat, and environmental impacts. Scientists estimate that there were only 25 of these birds left in the year of 1980. Due to the actions of conservationist and captive breeding programs, the number of birds around the world today is estimated to be between 150-200 today. This bird is considered an endangered species and is still being preserved by the government.

Hawaiian Goose· Hawaiian goose or nene

This is the official state bird of Hawaii. It was classified as an endangered bird in 1967. This bird is only found in the Islands of Maui, Kauai, and in Hawaii. Human made encroachment is the main reason for the decrease in number of this bird. It is estimated that on 30 birds are left today. These birds usually nest in the grassy knolls near the golf resorts of Hawaii, and so, errant golf balls are also a threat to these birds.

· Sociable Lapwing

Sociable Lapwing is found in the Middle East, Asia and Africa. There has been a drastic decline in the population of this bird in the recent year for which scientists or biologists have found no apparent reason.

· Black-bellied Puffleg

This is a bird from the Ecuador. You will find this rare species of bird in the NorthwesternPichincha Volcano Mountain slope of the in Ecuador. Unplanned developments, agriculture and deforestation have led this species of bird towards extinction. According to the organization Save Our Species, without a regional effort to reverse the negative impacts on the nature, the Puffleg – and other species in the region in danger of extinction will be lost.


· I’iwi or scarlet Hawaiian honeycreeper

endangered bird iiwi

This is a very common native land bird in the Hawaiian Islands, also known as the Hawaiian honeycreeper. This bird is under threat of extinction because of the reduced habitat and disruptions n the environment. The proliferation of diseases is also to blame for the decrease in number. Recently the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have decided to put this bird under protection of the federal government. According to the director of the Center for Biological Diversity, at least 20 different types of Hawaiian honeycreepers have already been extinct. He stated that “To have any chance at avoiding that fate, the beautiful i‘iwi needs protection now,”

· Madagascar Pochard

Madagascar Pochard is found in Madagascar, as you may have already guessed. It lives around the Lake Alaotra basin in Madagascar. In 2006, only a small number of birds were found in Alaotra Lake basins. Today this bird is very rare, and facing extinction.

· Kirtland’s warbler

This bird nests in the northern lower peninsula of Michigan. This bird is often referred to as the bird of fire. This birds nesting depends on burning of jack pine forests where it lives, but as humans prevented wild fires, this bird’s life was at jeopardy. the estimated number of birds left today may be less than 200 pairs.

Whooping crane · Whooping crane

There were only 15 whooping cranes left in 1941 in the USA. In recent years, the number may have increased due to the conservationists and biologists; the number has increased to about 250. In 2009, a light weight airplane lead about 77 of these birds from Florida to Wisconsin and brought them back again in the winter.

This article tells us how our actions and negative impacts can reduce the number of species left in the world and can impact the ecology at dangerous levels. Every species that become extinct today will create little more imbalances in the nature because to achieve an ecological balance, every species in the nature plays a role, and therefore, maintaining ecological balance and harmony in the nature is vital.

Please let your voice be heard. Please join with us in the battle for conservation of the nature and in preservation of endangered species. Please post your comments and let us know your thoughts, we would also appreciate it if you would share this article on social media networks as well and let your friends know about this issue.

PS. – Don’t forget to share this article.

Source: Environmental Professionals Network

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Finding Pure Water After A Disaster – Water Purification Methods

Finding Pure Water After A Disaster – Water Purification Methods

We take water for granted because we live in a place where we get municipal water supplied to us. For developing countries, finding a supply of good pure water may be a challenge. There are also about 3.4 million deaths each year due to water related diseases. The water supply system that gets you clean water today goes through a complicated process of recycling and purifying water and feeding it back in the system. Many countries of the world do not have such complicated purification systems, and they get most of their water from underground. Some areas depend on tube wells, wells, ponds, and rivers as their source of drinking water.

Is the water you drink safe?

pure water

The water we get from Water Supply Company goes through a series of purification process. Water is supplied from both, surface water, collected from rivers and lakes, and ground water pumped from underground. There water purifying facilities to treat all the water and make it safe for drinking before it is supplied in our homes. Most of the time, ground water is not treated because it does not contain any germs or impurities. You can visit, CDC’s Public Water Systems page. For more information on how public water systems treat water, visit CDC’s Water Treatment page.

Don’t take water supply for granted

We often forget how important water is and how easily we get supply of fresh water every day without running into any problems. We get fresh supply water every day and do not think about it. We have access to bottled water and water fountains whenever we get thirsty. But as described earlier, many of the countries of the world do not have the technology or do not have efficient municipal services that supplies them pure water every day, continuously. For example, a power shortage could mean water shortage as well because the pumps that put water into circulation would not work.

pure water

Water goes through a series of processes before being supplied, and some of these processes are often delicate. A power shortage or blackout could shut down all the purification plants and water pumps here in the USA as well.

A natural disaster such as flood, hurricane, earthquake, and such could damage your water supply system, breaking the water pipes or contaminating your sewage systems, if it causes breaks in your water line or sewage line.

A water supply system can fail at any emergency situation. For much reason, the quality of supply water may become contaminated and you might need to take some measures to make it safe. If your water supply fails, and you cannot find pure water around you or if you suspect that your supply water is contaminated due to a disaster, you should learn about ways to make water safe for drinking. You need to ask yourself what your chances of survival will be if any natural disaster happens and it cuts of one of your viral necessities such as food and water.

How to make water safe for drinking

To make sure the water you use after a disaster is safe for drinking. You can maximize the safety of the water you drink by following some of the water purification methods that we will discuss below. No one method can guarantee you of 100% pure water, but if combined, some of these methods could easily improve the quality of water that you drink. There are thousands of water purification processes that can be used.

Ways to purify water:

  • Boil: Boiling water kills bacteria, viruses, parasites, and most germs in it.
  • Distill: distillation is the best method to purify any kind of water. But you probably don’t have an apparatus for distillation.
  • Use purification tablets
  • Use ultraviolet rays: some water purification devices use ultraviolet rays to kill germs in water.
  • Filter through ceramics
  • Filthier through plastic membranes
  • Filter through bio sand filter
  • Disinfect with chemicals such as chlorine or iodine: adding iodine or chlorine will kill germs in water

cleaning waterIf there is any chance of your drinking water being contaminated with your sewage water, boil your water and do not drink it or brush your teeth with it. Surface water is collected from Ponds River or other places, it should be filtered with a coffee filter or such to take out impurities first, and then bring to a rolling boil, keep it rolling for a minute and then pour it in a clean container. Rain water, if collected in a clean bucket can be safe to drink.

If you find that using chlorine or bleach would be easier for you to kill the germs from water, you will need to mix a gallon of water with 1/8 teaspoon of pure, unaccented chlorine or bleach, wait for 30 minutes before drinking. If the water appears cloudy, do not drink it, and be careful not to overuse bleach or chlorine, because it will become toxic.

You can also buy water purification devices and keep it at home in case you need it for an emergency. There are filtration devices available in the market. You will also need to disinfect some containers for storing water. These water purification techniques could be your life saver or could save someone from being sick.

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pure water

Source: Environmental Professionals Network.

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